Research

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Title
Author(s)
Year
Marc Fleurbaey
2015
When forming their preferences about the distribution of income, rational people may be caught between two opposite forms of “tyranny.” Giving absolute priority to the worst-off imposes a sort of tyranny on the rest of the population, but giving less than ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2015
This paper proposes to define sustainability in terms of leaving it possible for future generations to sustain certain defined targets. It is shown that variants of genuine savings and the ecological footprint can then serve as indicators of ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2015
Discounted utilitarianism and the Ramsey equation prevail in the debate on the discount rate on consumption. The utility discount rate is assumed to be constant and to reflect either the uncertainty about the existence of future generations or a pure ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2015
If a potential person would have a good life, if he were to come into existence, can we coherently regard his coming into existence as better for him than his never coming into existence? And can we regard the situation in which he never comes into ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2014
This paper proposes four concepts of exploitation that encapsulate common uses of the word in social interactions: unfair advantage, unequal exchange, using persons as means, and free-riding. It briefly discusses how these concepts appear in the ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2014
The achievements and limitations of the classical theory of optimal labor-income taxation based on social welfare functions are now well known, although utilitarianism still dominates public economics. We review the recent interest that has arisen for ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2014
We introduce the concept of a universal social ordering, defined on the set of pairs of an allocation and a preference profile of any finite population. It is meant to unify evaluations and comparisons of welfare (living standards) for individuals and ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2014
Martha C. Nussbaum’s approach, interestingly, has developed at the intersection of two lines of thought. One is, along the “equality of what” debate, the emergence of Amartya Sen’s concepts of functionings and capabilities (Sen 1985, 1992), which are very ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2014
We investigate the problem of how to perform comparisons of income distributions across families of different sizes. We argue that social welfare ought to be computed as the average individual utility instead of the average household utility as in most ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2014
We provide a general method for extending fair social preferences defined for riskless economic environments to the context of risk and uncertainty. We apply the method to the problems of managing unemployment allowances (in the context of macroeconomic ...
Marc Fleurbaey
2013
This paper examines how to satisfy “independence of the utilities of the dead” (Blackorby et al. in Econometrica 63:1303–1320, 1995; Bommier and Zuber in Soc Choice Welf 31:415–434, 2008) in the class of “expected equally distributed equivalent” social ...