Gene Grossman
The  Upland Cotton  case raises a range of interesting issues regarding the rationale for retaliation in the WTO system and the proper approach to its calibration. These include: Should the approach to retaliation differ in cases involving prohibited or ...
Helen Milner
In this article we bring together opposing international relations theories to better understand U.S. foreign policy, in particular foreign trade and aid. Using votes in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1979–2004, we explore different theoretical ...
The incidence of bilateral trade costs is calculated here using neglected properties of the structural gravity model, disaggregated by commodity and region, and re-aggregated into forms useful for economic geography. For Canada's provinces, 1992-2003 ...
Paul Krugman
This article extends interplanetary trade theory to an interstellar setting. It is chiefly concerned with the following question: how should interest charges on goods in transit be computed when the goods travel at close to the speed of light? This is a ...
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
We study a world with national external economies of scale at the industry level. In contrast to the standard treatment with perfect competition and two industries, we assume Bertrand competition in a continuum of industries. With Bertrand competition, ...
Stephen Kotkin
What took place in the East bloc in the 1970s was scarcely appreciated at the time, but it proved to be momentous. Edward Gierek, the Communist Party boss in Poland, and Walter Ulbricht, the East German Communist leader, each hit upon a bold new ...