Alumni Profile

The Honorable Franklin C. Miller
Franklin C. Miller
Principal, the Scowcroft Group; Chairman, Board of Directors, The Charles S. Draper Laboratory
MPA, Class of 1977

Franklin Miller came to the Wilson School from Williams College and the U.S. Navy, seeking a career in national security policy. His first job after graduation was with the State Department's Politico-Military Bureau. In 1979 he transferred to the Office of the Secretary of Defense, where he spent the next twenty-two years serving under seven Secretaries in a series of progressively senior positions. Initially focusing on nuclear deterrence policy, he was an action officer in the Theater Nuclear Policy Office for two years before becoming the head of the Strategic Policy Office -- a post he held for eight years. Subsequently he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Forces and Arms Control Policy and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Security Policy. His final assignments in DoD were as Acting Assistant Secretary for International Security Policy from September 1996 to November 1997; Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Strategy and Threat Reduction from November 1997 to October 2000; and again as Acting Assistant Secretary from October 2000 until January 20, 2001.    

During his career, he had unusual influence on the evolution of national deterrence and nuclear targeting policy, on the START 1 and START 2 treaties, and was instrumental in forging critically important new relationships with the British Ministry of Defence. He was deeply involved in improving U.S. capabilities to counter, defend against, and defeat biological and chemical weapons, in enhancing U.S. defense relations with Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan, in building the basis for U.S. and NATO strategic and tactical missile defense programs, in national reconnaissance and space policy and in submarine operations policy. He also served as the chair of NATO's nuclear policy committee ("the High Level Group") from September 1996 to January 2001 and of NATO's counter-proliferation policy committee ("the Defense Group on Proliferation") from September 1996 to December 1997. He left OSD in January 2001 to go to the White House to be a Special Assistant to President George W. Bush and Senior Director, Defense and Arms Control Policy, NSC Staff. At the White House he was responsible for a wide range of Presidential policy in the fields of nuclear deterrence policy, strategic arms reductions, national space policy, defense trade reform, land-mines, transforming the American and NATO militaries, and coordinating interagency support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. After 31 years, he retired from Federal service in March 2005 and spent five years with the Cohen Group before joining the Scowcroft Group in 2010.
In addition to his positions at the Scowcroft Group and at Draper Laboratory, he also serves on the Board of Directors of Airbus Group Inc. (EADS-North America). He is a member of the Defense Policy Board and the U.S. Strategic Command Advisory Group, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a Director of the Atlantic Council of the United States, and a Director of the Naval Historical Foundation
His awards include the Defense Department's highest civilian award, the Defense Distinguished Civilian Service Medal (five times), the Department's Distinguished Public Service Medal, the Department of State Distinguished Honor Medal, the Department of the Navy's Distinguished Public Service Medal, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joint Distinguished Civilian Service Medal, the National Nuclear Security Administration Administrator's Gold Medal for Distinguished Service, the Defense Intelligence Agency's Director's Medal, and the Presidential Rank of Distinguished Executive. In addition, Mr. Miller has been awarded the Norwegian Royal Order of Merit (Grand Officer) and the French Legion of Honor (Officer). In December 2006 he was awarded an honorary knighthood -- a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) -- by Queen Elizabeth II in recognition of his many contributions to US-UK relations during his decades of government service.